Indulge in the Taste of the finest Spices

A spice's production goes through several stages, starting with seed selection and ending with post-harvest.

known as the home of spices

Trade with ancient civilizations such as Rome and China goes back thousands of years in the country. In recent years, Indian spices have become the most sought-after spices in the world due to their edible and medicinal properties. India has the largest domestic market for spices. Organic farming is gaining popularity in Indian agriculture recently, where small plots are traditionally used for the cultivation of spices. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) lists 109 varieties of spices, with 75 of them being produced and consumed in India, which accounts for half of all spices exported to the world.


Globally, India has led the spice market. An estimated half of the world's spice production is traded through it. International agencies report that Indian spices like Turmeric, Pepper, and Cumin enjoy a high demand across the globe. Due to the high quality of the Indian Spices, it has a good chance of taking the world market by storm in the coming years.

Different Types of Spices Found in India

Different kinds of Spices are available on the market. There is a high market value for turmeric, pepper (black & white), and cumin on both domestic and international markets.

Nowadays, spices are commonly used in different cuisines not only for adding flavor and aroma, but also for providing various health benefits. The world is becoming increasingly interested in enjoying foods that use these spices.


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    Turmeric is a spice that comes from the turmeric plant. It is one of the best spices grown in India and is also widely used in many Asian countries. It has yellow color and is bitter in taste. The spice is frequently used in almost every Indian food belonging to any state. The root of the turmeric plant is used as a medicinal purpose because the root of the plant contains Curcumin, a yellow color chemical substance that is widely used in making cosmetics and preventing the diseases like cancer.
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    Turmeric also possesses a number of other medicinal properties. The drug is commonly used to prevent pain and inflammation. Moreover, turmeric is found to be anti-allergic in nature, making it effective for minimizing itching. As well as treating hay fever, preventing liver disease, and maintaining cholesterol levels, it is used in the treatment of several other conditions.


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    Kerala is home to the native Black Pepper plant. The plant's vine is dried and made into black pepper. Spices are traded all over the world, and black pepper is the most common. Spices like this are used for both flavoring and traditional medicine. Besides Southeast Asia, the plant can also be found in South Asia.
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    Health benefits of black pepper can be found in its nutritional composition. Because of its low saturated fat content, sodium content, and cholesterol content, it is very beneficial for patients with heart disease. Also, it contains vitamins C, calcium, magnesium, iron, and copper, all of which are essential for growing the body.


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    Traditionally, white pepper is made from dried fruits from pepper plants.  The pepper is usually milder than the black pepper available in the market. There are two types of white pepper on the market: whole and ground. Black pepper has a more complex flavor than white pepper. This spice is commonly used by Vietnamese people to make many different dishes. The bitter flavor of White Pepper can be released when it is overheated. There are numerous health benefits associated with White Pepper, such as low calories, pleasant flavor, and the ability to boost the metabolism.


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    Cumin seeds are dried herb seeds. It is a native plant in Southwestern Asia. It can also be found throughout the Middle East. Cumin is widely used as a seasoning in many Indian dishes, both whole and ground. Therapeutic agents are made from it and it has a great medicinal value. A variety of traditional medicines are made from cumin.
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    India and China are the two largest producers of cumin plants. In the world, Mexico produces the most cumin. The global production of cumin exceeds 3 million tons per year.

History of Spices

According to historical evidence, hunter-gatherers used to wrap meat in bushes' leaves. They discovered by accident that the wrapped leaves enhanced the taste of their meat. People gradually discovered that various parts of trees could be used as spices and that the same could also be used for medicinal purposes as time went on. As civilization evolved, people learned to distinguish between spices and herbs, which became a norm. Spices were classified as valuable items of exchange and trade in several historical books. Indian people have been using spices such as turmeric, pepper, and cinnamon for hundreds of years for cooking and healthcare purposes. Spices were first cultivated in India in the 8th century.

Some Important facts of growth of Spices in the Global Market

The Indian brands have successfully set up the technological infrastructures that will enable them to fulfill the growing demand for Indian spices around the world in the upcoming years. Approximately 20 percent of the market has grown in the last few years, according to research estimates. In the next few years, this value will continue to rise. Moreover, as the small farms will play a significant role in the Indian market in the coming years, the outlook for spice production in the country is very bright. Spice farmers and companies in India usually own these farms. In India, the growth of the GDP is dependent on the ambition and passion of the local companies that manufacture fresh spices and lead to a new revolution in the market. In each of the 52 countries around the world, India exports approximately 52 types of spices. One of the most popular spices in the world is turmeric, and black pepper is also popular. The Spice market in India grew to USD 62.68 billion during the financial year 2015-2016. There is a huge market demand for Black Pepper among other spices. 0.1 million tons of spices were imported by India during the current financial year. There are four states that produce the most spices in the world: Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, and Orissa. Spices were exported in the amount of USD 3.11 billion in the Financial Year 2017-18. According to estimates, the Indian spice market will reach USD 18 billion by 2020. India has begun a great initiative to capture the world market in the coming years. Among the largest importers of Indian spices are the USA, followed by China, Vietnam, Malaysia, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, UK, and Germany. Americans, Europeans, Japanese, and Australians are consuming more Indian spices. In the worldwide spice market, these regions account for 10 to 20 percent of imports.

Spices Board of India

Spice Board of India takes a step forward in promoting Indian spices around the world. In order to enhance the future market of Indian spices, the board has taken a few steps.

  • The spice products are checked for quality and certified.
  • It maintained a list of registered exporters.
  • The board is responsible for maintaining trade information documents.
  • Additionally, it provides policy advice to the central government.
  • Organising major international fairs and food exhibitions is one way the board promotes Indian Spices.

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